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دراسة إقتصاديةوإجتماعيةلأهم الاثار السلبية لجائحة فيروسكورونا المستجد (كوفيد -19 )علي الاقتصاد المصري و القطاع الزراعي بمصر. (Arabic)

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    • Alternate Title:
      An Economic and Social Study of The Most Important Negative Impacts of Corona Virus (Covid-19) Pandemic on The Egyptian Economy and Agricultural Sector in Egypt. (English)
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The global situation of the impact of the Coronavirus has reached a state unprecedented in recent history; As it became the biggest challenge facing all of humanity, and a challenge to the progress of the wheel of production as it affected the global economy. Governments, companies, families, financial markets and economic sectors have been hit hard by the disruptions caused by the spread of the virus. The performance of financial markets and most other economic sectors declined.The outbreak of the new Corona virus (Covid 19) is a serious global problem, since December 2019 and the whole world has been suffering from the economic, social and political damages of this pandemic, so it was necessary to study the economic effects of the new Corona virus on the Egyptian economy and its various sectors. The study aims to analyze the effects of the Corona pandemic on the Egyptian economy and its various sectors in the short and long term, and to know the potential effects of the Corona epidemic on food security in its various axes and its impact on poverty levels in Egypt.Global health spending has increased as a result of the virus outbreak. The increasing demand for surgical masks, disinfectants, ethyl alcohol and ethanol in Egypt has led to a significant increase in prices and dwindling supplies, bringing the total spending on the sector to about 27.5 billion pounds during the 2019/2020 fiscal year. When conducting an opinion poll of farmers affected by Corona, it was found that there are many problems facing farmers, the most prominent of which is the state of health ban and access to the agricultural resources they need such as seeds and seedlings in addition to pesticides and fertilizers, and 60% of farmers indicated that they cannot obtain permits for the movement of all workers and thus The wages of workers have doubled, and their number has also become few and other challenges. About 65% of farmers face them being obstructed in many procedures through which the materials needed for farming are available, and about 45% of farmers suffer when transporting and marketing vegetables and fruits via transport vehicles. By asking the respondents about the most important economic effects of the Coronavirus that relate to their spending and consumption behavior, it became clear that about 78% of them increased rates of monthly expenditures and their monthly consumption as a result of fear of shortage of food commodities. Their spending and consumption rates are affected by limited income, and about 4% of them have decreased consumption due to losing their work, and about 70% of the respondents see a decrease in individual income as a result of partial prohibitions, lack of movement and instability at work, and about 56% believe that there is an increase in the prices of some food commodities There are some commodities that are not in the market as a result of the depletion of quantity and the lack of supply of them, and that about 60% of consumer purchases are made through websites, with 58% of the total respondents, and about 70% of the respondents stated that they are not stable at work or have lost their daily work as a result of the Corona pandemic. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      شكل تفشي فيروس كورونا المستجد ( كوفيد 91)مشكلة عالمية خطيرة ، فمنذ ديسمبر9191والعالم بأكمله يعاني من الأضرار الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والسياسية لهذه الجائحة لذلك كان من الضروري دراسة التأثيرات الاقتصادية لوباء كورونا المستجد علي الاقتصاد المصري وقطاعاته المختلفة. وتستهدف الدراسة تحليل أثار جائحةكورونا علي الاقتصاد المصري وقطاعاته المختلفة علي المدي الزمني القريب والبعيد .واشارت نتائج الدراسة الميدانية وبسؤال المبحوثين عن أهم الاثار الاقتصادية لفيروس كورونا التي تخص سلوكهم الانفاقي والاستهلاكي،أتضح أن حوالي 87%منهم ازدادت معدلات النفقات الشهرية واستهلاكهم الشهري نتيجة الخوف من نقص السلع الغذائية ، فحوالي 71%منهم ازدادت معدلات انفاقهم علي شراء المطهرات والكمامات والمنظفات بينما 97%منهم لم تتأثر معدلات انفاقهم واستهلاكهم نتيجة محدودية الدخل،وحوالي 4%منهم قل استهلاكهم نتيجة فقدان عملهم، ويري حوالي 81%من المبحوثين أنخفاض في الدخل الفردي نتيجة الحظر الجزئي وقلة الحركة وعدم الاستقرار في العمل، ويري نحو 65%أنه يوجد زيادة في أسعار بعض السلع الغذائية وهناك بعض السلع غير موجودة بالسوق نتيجة نفاذ الكمية وقلة المعروض منها ، وأن حوالي 51%من مشتريات المستهلكين أصبحت عبر المواقع الالكترونية بنسبة 67%من اجمالي المبحوثين، وذكر حوالي 81%من المبحوثين غير مستقريين بالعمل أو فقدوا عملهم اليومي نتيجة جائحة كورونا. ومن أثار الوباء مخاوف المستهلكين من عدم القدرة على الوصول إلى المتاجر وعدم الحصول علي متطلبات حياتهم اليومية، فازداد الطلب المفرط على السلع الغذائية والمطهرات والادوية. مما يؤدي إلى انخفاض في المخزون الشامل. وكانت الشركات المصنعة تعمل بأقل من طاقتها الكاملة في مصانعها لإتخاذ التدابير والإجراءات الصحية من تقليل التزاحم في .أماكن العمل وتنفيذ تدابيرالتباعد الإجتماعي. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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