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Academic Journal

Time-related changes in sex distribution of COVID-19 incidence proportion in Italy

  • Source: In Heliyon October 2020 6(10)

  • Abstract: Background Variable sex-disaggregated data on Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) incidence proportion (IP) have been reported in different datasets ... Study design Sex-disaggregated data on COVID-19 cases were collected from Italian publicly accessible databases along with undisaggregated data on the number ... Results COVID-19 IP increased progressively in both sexes. Sex prevalence of COVID-19 IP reversed over time, with ... Conclusions Time-related changes of sex distribution of COVID-19 IP in Italy are strongly influenced by the number of swabs testing for @@@@Epidemiology; Virology; Public health; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Coronavirus; Gender; Incidence; Swab.

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Academic Journal

Investigating mediated effects of fear of COVID-19 and COVID-19 misunderstanding in the association between problematic social media use, psychological distress, and insomnia

  • Source: In Internet Interventions September 2020 21

  • Abstract: Introduction Due to the serious situation of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide, many countries have implemented ... Results Problematic social media use was significantly associated with psychological distress both directly and indirectly. The indirect effects were through fear of ... Discussion/conclusion Due to the pressure of the COVID-19 outbreak, individuals are highly likely to develop psychological distress and insomnia. Apart ... @@@@Highlights •Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes fear.•Social media may distribute COVID-19 misinformation ...

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 and the environment: A critical review and research agenda

  • Source: In Science of the Total Environment 25 November 2020 745

  • Abstract: The current Coronavirus infection (COVID-19) outbreak has had a substantial impact on many aspects of general life. ... @@@@Highlights •A critical yet comprehensive review of studies on COVID-19 and the environment•Environmental factors have significant effect on

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Academic Journal

Diabetes Mellitus is Associated with Severe Infection and Mortality in Patients with COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • Source: In Archives of Medical Research October 2020 51(7):700-709

  • Abstract: Background and Aim Currently, the number of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection is increasing rapidly worldwide. ... Results A total of 76 studies involving 31,067 patients with COVID-19 were included in our meta-analysis. COVID-19 patients with ... Conclusion DM is associated with increased risk of severe infection and higher mortality in patients with COVID-19. Our study suggests that ...

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Academic Journal

Mapping community-level determinants of COVID-19 transmission in nursing homes: A multi-scale approach

  • Source: In Science of the Total Environment 15 January 2021 752

  • Abstract: Deaths from the COVID-19 pandemic have disproportionately affected older adults and residents in nursing homes. Although emerging research has identified place-based ... @@@@Highlights •Nursing home COVID-19 cases are clustered in the Northeast and Southeast US.•Community-level factors had the strongest association with nursing ...

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Academic Journal

Characteristics and Comparison of 32 COVID-19 and Non-COVID-19 Ischemic Strokes and Historical Stroke Patients

  • Source: In Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases January 2021 30(1)

  • Abstract: Highlights Question: To explore the effect of COVID-19 infection on the types and severity of acute ischemic stroke in hospital admissions ... Material and Methods To determine how COVID-19 infection may affect cerebrovascular disease, we evaluated the ischemic stroke sub-types, clinical course and ... Results In Qatar the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 increased from only 2 in February to 779 in March, 12,628 in April and 45,501 ... Conclusions When compared to six pre-COVID-19 months, the number of ischemic stroke admissions during the three months of the pandemic ...

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Academic Journal

Africa’s low COVID-19 mortality rate: A paradox?

  • Source: In International Journal of Infectious Diseases January 2021 102:118-122

  • Abstract: Highlights •Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), now a pandemic, is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-... Methodology This was an analytical review, which used pre-COVID-19 era population data and current COVID-19 mortality ... Results Significant positive predictors of COVID-19 mortality rate included pre-COVID-19 era ‘65-yr+ mortality %’ (R2 = 0.574, B = 2.86, p < 0.001), ... Conclusion Africa’s lower COVID-19 mortality rate is due to the lower population mean age, lower life expectancy, lower pre-

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Academic Journal

Impact of COVID-19 on people living with HIV: A review

  • Source: In Journal of Virus Eradication November 2020 6(4)

  • Abstract: There is great concern about the impact of COVID-19 among the nearly 40 million people living with HIV (PLWH) worldwide. In this ...

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Academic Journal

Effects of COVID-19 in South African health system and society: An explanatory study

  • Source: In Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews November-December 2020 14(6):1809-1814

  • Abstract: Background and aims The underestimation of the severity of COVID-19 by the South African government resulted in delayed action against the ... Results The South African health system is affected by the lack of PPEs, increased mortality rates, mental health problems, substance abuse, resurgent of NCDs. The ... Conclusion To slow down the spread of COVID-19, massive testing must be adopted, contact tracing, isolation, and home quarantine guidelines for ... @@@@Highlights •The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic affects all aspects of life, including the public health and global economy.•With no WHO-approved ...

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Academic Journal

High mortality among hospital-acquired COVID-19 infection in patients with cancer: A multicentre observational cohort study

  • Source: In European Journal of Cancer November 2020 139:181-187

  • Abstract: Introduction Studies suggest that patients with cancer are more likely to experience severe outcomes from COVID-19. Therefore, cancer centres have undertaken ... Results A total of 252 patients (N = 249 adult and N = 3 paediatric) with COVID-19 and cancer were identified, and the majority were residents ... Interpretation Our study demonstrates a high rate of nosocomial transmission of COVID-19, associated with increased mortality in both univariate and multivariate ... @@@@Highlights •We found a high rate of nosocomial transmission of COVID-19 in patients with cancer.•Nosocomial COVID-19 ...

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