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Academic Journal

Fangcang shelter hospitals during the COVID-19 epidemic, Wuhan, China.

Subjects: EMERGENCIES; CIVILIAN evacuation; HEALTH facilitiesCHINA

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Dec2020, Vol. 98 Issue 12, p830-841D. 16p.

  • Abstract: Objective To design models of the spread of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan and the effect of ... Objetivo Diseñar modelos sobre la propagación de la enfermedad por coronavirus de 2019 (COVID-19) en Wuhan ... Objectif Concevoir des modèles de propagation de la maladie à coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) à Wuhan et mesurer l'impact des ... Цель Разработать модели распространения коронавирусного заболевания 2019 г. (COVID-19) в г. Ухань и влияния больницприютов поселения Фангкан (быстро отстроенные временные больницы) на борьбу с эпидемией. Методы Авторы использовали данные о ежедневно регистрируемых подтвержденных случаях COVID-19, случаях выздоровления и смертях с официального сайта Муниципальной комиссии по здравоохранению г. Ухань, чтобы построить компартментные модели для трех фаз эпидемии COVID-19. Также авторы включили число коек в назначенных больницах и в больницах-приютах поселения Фангкан. Модели были использованы для оценки успеха стратегии, принятой в г. Ухань для борьбы с эпидемией COVID-19. Результаты Основываясь на фактически использованном количестве коек (13 348 коек) в больницах-приютах поселения Фангкан, наши модели показывают, что, если бы больницыприюты Фангкан были открыты 6 февраля (на следующий день после их фактического открытия), общее количество случаев ... 目的 设计武汉 2019 年冠状病毒 (COVID-19) 传播模 型,探究方舱庇护医院(快速建成的临时医院)对控 制疫情的效果。 方法 我们利用武汉市卫健委官网每日发布的 COVID-19 确诊病例、治愈病例以及死亡病例数据, 构建 COVID-19 疫情三阶段的房室模型。我们整合了 定点医院和方舱庇护医院的床位数。利用这些模型评 估武汉控制 COVID-19 疫情时采取的战略是否成功。 结果 依据方舱庇护医院实际投入使用 13348 张床位, 我们的模型显示,如果其于 2 月 6 日(实际开放后第 二天)开放,新冠病毒肺炎 (COVID-19) 确诊病例总 数则会高达 7 413 798(而非 50844),死亡病例则会高 达 1 396 017(而非 5003),且疫情将会持续 179 天(而 非 71 天)。 结论 定点医院救治了新冠病毒肺炎 (2019 ماع انوروك سويرف ضرم راشتنلا جذمان ميمصت ضرغلا جناكجناف في لزعلا تايفشتسم يرثأتو ،ناهوو في (19 ديفوك) .ءابولا لىع ةرطيسلا في (ةعسرب اهؤانب متي ةتقؤم تايفشتسم) غلبلما ةدكؤلما تلاالحا نع تانايب مادختساب مق ةقيرطلا عقولما نم تايفولاو ةيفاعتلما تلاالحاو ،19 ديفوكل اًيموي اهنع جذمان ءانبل ناهوو ةيدلب في ةحصلا ةنجلل يمسرلا نيوتركللإا ةّسرلأا ةعس جمدب انمق .19 ديفوك ةحئاج نم لحارم ثلاثل ةأزمج في لزعلا تايفشتسمو ةصصخلما تايفشتسلما نم لكل ىفشتسلماب ةدمتعلما ةيجيتاترسلاا حاجن مييقتل جذمانلا انمدختسا .جناكجناف .19 ديفوك ةحئاج لىع ةرطيسلل ناهوو في لزعلا تايفشتسم في اًريسر 13348 ددع لىع اًدماتعا جئاتنلا حتف مت ام اذإ هنأ انجذمان رهظُت ،جلاعلا في ةمدختسلما جناكجنافب نم موي دعب) طابش/ريابرف 6 في جناكجناف في لزعلا تايفشتسم دق 19 ديفوكب ةباصلما تلاالحا ددع لياجمإ ناكل ،(ليعفلا حاتتفلاا ةلاح 017 396 1 عم 50844 نم ًلادب) 798 413 7 لىإ لصو اًموي 179 ةدلم رمتستس ةحئالجا تناكو ،(5003 نم ًلادب) ةافو .(71 نم ًلادب) ينباصلما ضىرلما ةايح ةنيعلما تايفشتسلما تذقنأ مانيب جاتنتسلاا ةّسرلأا ةعس ةدايز تناك ،19 ديفوك ضرم نم ةداح ةلاحب يه ،جناكجناف في لزعلا تايفشتسم نم يربك ددعل تايفشتسلماب في اهفاقيإو ،19 ديفوك ةحئاج راشتنا ةيرتو ءاطبإ في تدعاس يتلا في 19 ديفوكل ةيلالحا ةيلماعلا ةحئالجا عضو عم .ناهوو في ةياهنلا ،تايفشتسلماب ةّسرلأا ةعس ةدايز نأ لىإ يرشت انتسارد نإف ،رابتعلاا في لزعلا تايفشتسم لثم ةتقؤلما تايفشتسلما للاخ نم ةصاخو ةفيفخ ضارعأب ينباصلما صاخشلأا تاعوممج لزعل ،جناكجناف ةحئاج شيفت نم دلحا في دعاسي نأ نكمي ،ةرضرتم ةقطنم لخاد لزعلا نكمي لم يتلا تاعمتجلما في ،ةياهنلا في اهفقوو ،19 ديفوك .ًانكمم اهيف لاعفلا ليزنلما [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Academic Journal

Infection fatality rate of COVID-19 inferred from seroprevalence data.

Subjects: AGE distribution; MEDLINE; ONLINE information services

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Jan2021, Vol. 99 Issue 1, p19-33F. 21p.

  • Abstract: Objective To estimate the infection fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from seroprevalence data. Methods I searched ... Objetivo Estimar la tasa de letalidad por la infección de la enfermedad por coronavirus de 2019 (COVID-19) ... Objectif Estimer le ratio de létalité réel de la maladie à coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) à partir des donné... Цель Оценить показатель летальности при инфицировании коронавирусным заболеванием 2019 г. (COVID-19) на основании данных о серораспространенности. Методы Автор провел поиск на серверах PubMed и серверах предварительной публикации на предмет исследований серораспространенности COVID-19 с размером выборки ≥500 по состоянию на 9 сентября 2020 года. Были также получены дополнительные результаты национальных исследований из предварительных пресс-релизов и отчетов. Автор оценил исследования по элементам дизайна и оценкам серораспространенности. Автор оценил показатель летальности при инфицировании для каждого исследования, разделив общее количество смертей от COVID-19 на количество людей, предположительно инфицированных в каждом регионе. При этом была сделана поправка на количество протестированных типов антител (иммуноглобины, IgG, IgM, IgA). Результаты В работу вошло 61 исследование (74 прогноза) и восемь предварительных национальных прогнозов. Прогнозы серораспространенности варьировались в диапазоне от 0,02 до 53,40%. Показатели летальности при инфицировании варьировались в диапазоне от 0,00 до 1,63%, скорректированные значения — от 0,00 до 1,54%. В 51 регионе средний показатель летальности при инфицировании COVID-19 составил 0,27% (скорректированный показатель 0,23%): этот показатель составил 0,09% в регионах с уровнем летальности населения от 目的 根据血清阳性率数据估计 2019 年冠状病毒病(新 型冠状病毒肺炎)的感染死亡率。 方法 在 PubMed 和预印本服务器上查找截至 2020 年 9 月 9 日新型冠状病毒肺炎相关的血清阳性率研究,样 本量为 500 个。另外根据初步新闻稿和报告检索了其 他全国性研究结果。并评估了与设计特征和血清阳性 率估计值相关的研究。通过将新型冠状病毒肺炎累计 死亡人数除以每个地区估计感染人数,估算出了每项 研究的感染死亡率。然后校正了测试的抗体类型(免 疫球蛋白、免疫球蛋白 G、免疫球蛋白 M、免疫球蛋 白 A)的数量。 结果 我汇总了 61 项研究(74 个估计值)和 8 个全 国性初步估计值。血清阳性率估计值介于 0.02% 至 53.40% 之间。感染死亡率介于 0.00% 至 1.63% 之间, 校正值则介于 0.00% 至 1.54% 之间。在 51 个地区中, 新型冠状病毒肺炎感染死亡率的中位数为 0.27%(校 正值为 0.23%):在新型冠状病毒肺炎导致的人口死亡 率低于全球平均水平(每--百万人口中死亡病例小于 118 例)的地区中,该比率为 0.09% ;在每--百万人 口中新型冠状病毒肺炎死亡病例介于 118-500 例之间 的地区,该比率为 0.20% ;而在每--百万人口中新型 冠状病毒肺炎死亡病例大于 500 例的地区,该比率则 为 0.57%。70 岁以下人群的感染死亡率介于 0.00% 至 0.31% 之间,经粗略校正后该比率的中位数为 0.05%。 结论 不同地区的新型冠状病毒肺炎感染死亡率可能存 在很大的差异,据此可反映出在人口年龄结构、感染 和死亡病例组合以及其他因素方面存在差异。推断的 感染死亡率往往比全球性流行病爆发初期的估计值要 低得多。 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Periodical

Neglected tropical diseases: impact of COVID-19 and WHO's response.

Subjects: DRUG administration; DRUG storage; MEDICAL supplies

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 9/25/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 39, p461-468. 8p.

  • Abstract: The article discusses the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the activities and responses by the World Health ...

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Academic Journal

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic response on other health research.

Subjects: CLINICAL medicine research; DATABASE management; ENDOWMENT of research

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Sep2020, Vol. 98 Issue 9, p625-631. 7p.

  • Abstract: While governments have been focusing on the unprecedented disruption to the global economy caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19Mientras que los gobiernos se han centrado en la perturbación sin precedentes de la economía global que la enfermedad del ... Pendant que les gouvernements se concentrent sur les profonds bouleversements que la maladie à coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) engendre pour ...

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 control strategies in Taizhou city, China.

Subjects: PREVENTION of infectious disease transmission; CENTERS for Disease Control & Prevention (U.S.); PREVENTION of communicable diseasesCHINA

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Sep2020, Vol. 98 Issue 9, p632-637. 6p.

  • Abstract: Problem On 21 January 2020, the city of Taizhou, China, reported its first imported coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case and ... Situación El 21 de enero de 2020, la ciudad de Taizhou (China) comunicó su primer caso importado de la enfermedad del coronavirus 2019 (Problème Le 21 janvier 2020, la ville de Taizhou, en Chine, a signalé son premier cas importé de maladie à coronavirus 2019 (

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Periodical

Fast-tracking WHO's COVID-19 technical guidance to training for the frontline.

Subjects: EPIDEMICS; GOAL (Psychology); MEDICAL protocols

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 6/5/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 23, p257-264. 8p.

  • Abstract: The article describes progress in achieving the goals of the World Health Organization's OpenWHO online learning platform to transform, translate ...

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Periodical

COVID-19 strategy update (as of 14 April 2020).

Subjects: PREVENTION of epidemics; PREVENTION of infectious disease transmission; DIFFUSION of innovations

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 5/8/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 19, p185-208. 24p.

  • Abstract: The article provides links to the technical guidance published by World Health Organization on preparing for and responding to

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Academic Journal

Modelling the effects of Wuhan's lockdown during COVID-19, China.

Subjects: PREVENTION of infectious disease transmission; PREVENTION of communicable diseases; EPIDEMICSCHINA

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Jul2020, Vol. 98 Issue 7, p484-494. 11p. 3 Charts, 7 Graphs.

  • Abstract: Objective To design a simple model to assess the effectiveness of measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (Objetivo Diseñar un modelo sencillo para evaluar la efectividad de las medidas que se adoptaron para prevenir la propagación de la enfermedad causada ... Objectif Concevoir un modèle simple pour évaluer l'efficacité des mesures destinées à éviter la propagation de la maladie à coronavirus 2019 (Цель Построить простую модель для оценки эффективности мер по предотвращению распространения коронавирусной инфекции 2019 года (COVID-19) в разных регионах материковой части Китая. Методы Авторы сопоставили данные по перемещениям населения, полученные из базы данных интернет-компании, с количеством подтвержденных случаев COVID-19 по данным государственных источников. 23 января 2020 года был введен запрет на въезд в город Ухань и выезд из него с целью обеспечения контроля распространения заболевания. Авторы смоделировали два ключевых фактора, которые влияют на совокупное количество случаев COVID-19 в регионах за пределами Уханя, по состоянию на 1 марта 2020 года: (i) общее количество людей, покинувших Ухань в период с 20 по 26 января 2020 года; (ii) количество заражений от жителей Ухань в период до 19 января 2020 года, представленное общим количеством подтвержденных случаев по состоянию на 29 января 2020 года. Была построена регрессионная модель для прогнозирования совокупного количества случаев за пределами Уханя в трех предполагаемых сценариях контроля эпидемии. Результаты Задержка даты начала мероприятий по контролю распространения всего на 3 дня привела бы к росту предполагаемого количества подтвержденных случаев заболевания COVID-19 в регионах за пределами Уханя, оцениваемого в 30 699 человек, на 34,6% (до 41 330 человек) к 1 марта 2020 г. Начало мероприятий по контролю распространения вируса на 3 дня раньше сократило бы количество инфицированных на 30,8% (до 21 235 человек) при условии осуществления базовых мер контроля и на 48,6% (до 15 796 человек) при условии соблюдения жестких мер контроля. На основании стандартизованных значений остатков модели авторы смогли выделить регионы, в которых контроль распространения эпидемии был наиболее эффективным. Вывод Мероприятия по контролю распространения эпидемии в Ухане в сочетании с ограничениями на перемещения в государственном масштабе и режимом самоизоляции ограничили текущее распространение вируса 目的 旨在设计一个简单的模型来评估为防控 2019 新 冠肺炎冠状病毒病在中国大陆不同地区传播而采取的 措施的有效性。 方法 我们从一家互联网公司的数据集中提取了百度迁 徙地图获取了人口流动迁徙数据,并从政府发布的信 息中提取国家卫健委网站获取了2019 冠状病毒病新冠 肺炎确诊病例数。2020 年 1 月 23 日,为控制疫情蔓 延,禁止所有人员被禁止进出武汉市。我们模拟了截 至 2020 年 3 月 1 日影响非武汉地区 2019 冠状病毒病 新冠肺炎累计感染人数的两个关键因素 :(i) 2020 年 1 月 20 日至 26 日期间离开武汉由武汉迁入的总人数; 以及 (ii) 2020 年 1 月 19 日前由武汉迁入的市种子病例 数量,以由 2020 年 1 月 29 日累计确诊病例数表示为 代表。我们基于构建了一个的回归模型来预测了非武 汉地区在三种疫情防治情形境下的累计病例数。 结果 仅若将防控措施封城的开始日期推迟 3 天,截至 2020 年 3 月 1 日非武汉地区的 2019 冠状病毒病新冠 肺炎确诊病例估计数30,699 例将会因此增加34.6%(达 到 41,330 人)。若提前 3 天采取防控措施封城,可使 采取基本防控措施时的感染人数可减少30.8%(达到 21235 人),可使采取采取严格防控措施的时感染人数 可减少48.6%(达到 15796 人)。根据模型的标准残差值, 我们给出了可以对防控疫情最有效的各地区的疫情防 控效果进行排序。 结论 武汉的防控措施结合全国范围内的交通限制措施 和自我隔离,减少限制了2019 新冠肺炎冠状病毒病在 中国的持续传播。 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Academic Journal

Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19 among Pakistani residents: information access and low literacy vulnerabilities.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Dec2020, Vol. 26 Issue 12, p1446-1455, 10p

  • Abstract: Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has accentuated the need for speedy access to information. Digital divide and socio-demographic ... Contexte : La maladie à coronavirus (COVID-19) a accentué la nécessité d'un accès rapide à l'information. La fracture ... Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Academic Journal

Risk factors associated with worse outcomes in COVID-19: a retrospective study in Saudi Arabia.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Nov2020, Vol. 26 Issue 11, p1371-1380, 10p

  • Abstract: Background: The rapid emergence of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in millions of infected patients ... Contexte : L'émergence rapide de la maladie à nouveau coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) a entraîné l'infection de millions de ... في تايفولا نم فلالآا تائم عوقوو ضىرلما نم ينيلالما ةباصإ لىإ )19-ديفوك( 2019 دجتسلما انوروك سويرفل عيسرلا راشتنلاا ىدأ :ةيفللخا .ةحئالجا للاخ ينباصلما ضىرلما دادعأ في ئجافلما دايدزلال ًارظن ًابلس ةمدقلما ةيحصلا ةياعرلا تامدخ ترثأت دقف .لماعلا ءاحنأ عيجم .ةيدوعسلا ةيبرعلا ةكلملما في 19-ديفوك ضىرلم ةئيسلا جئاتنلاب ةطبترلما رطلخا لماوع مييقت لىإ ةساردلا هذه تفده :فادهلأا ةيئانه جئاتن ملهو ةيبرخلما ليلاحتلاب مهجئاتن ةدكؤلما 19-ديفوك تلااح عيجم تلمش زكارلما ةددعتم ةيعجر ةيدشح ةسارد انيرجأ :ثحبلا قرط ةدعاق نم جئاتنلاو ةبحاصلما ضارملأاو يكينيلكلإا خيراتلاو ةيناكسلا تانايبلا عجم متو .ةيدوعسلا ةيبرعلا ةكلملما في راذآ /سرام رهش للاخ فاشكتسلا ةلّدعلماو مالخا ةيحجرلأا بسن باسلح يتسيجوللا رادحنلاا جذمان مادختسا متو .)نصح( يئابولا دصترلل نيوتركللإا ماظنلا تانايب .)ةافولا وأ ةزكرلما ةيانعلا ةدحو في ميونتلا( 19-ديفوك تلاالح ةجرلحا جئاتنلل ةبحاصلما رطلخا لماوع رطلخا لماوع تلمشو .ةجرلحا ةعومجلما في %11.9 مهنم .اًماع 34 رماعأ طسوتمب 19-ديفوكب اًيبايجإ ا ًضيرم 648 ةساردلا تنمضت :جئاتنلا ،)3.05=ةيحجرلأا ةبسن( بلقلا ضارمأ ،)3.65=ةيحجرلأا ةبسن( اًماع 60 >رمعلا ،)1.92=ةيحجرلأا ةبسن( روكذلا ةئيسلا جئاتنلاب ةطبترلما ليدعت دعب )2.57=ةيحجرلأا ةبسن( رثكأ وأ ينبحاصم ينضرمب ةطبترلما ةباصلما تلاالحاو ،)2.29=ةيحجرلأا ةبسن( ةنمزلما ةيسفنتلا ضارملأا .0.05 < ةيئاصحإ ةيهمأ تاذ مهنم لكل ةيلماتحلاا ةميقلا تناكو ؛سنلجاو رمعلا ضارملأاو بلقلا ضىرمو روكذلاو نسلا في مدقتلا :19-ديفوك ضىرلم ةجرلحا جئاتنلاب ةطبترلما ةلقتسلما رطلخا لماوع لمشت :تاجاتنتسلاا ةيحصلا ةلالحاب ؤبنتلل صرانعلا ددعتم ديرف سايقم ماظن ميمصتب صيونو .رثكأ وأ ينبحاصم ينضرمب ةطبترلما ةباصلما تلاالحاو ةنمزلما ةيسفنتلا .19-ديفوك ضىرلم [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Periodical

Infodemic management: a key component of the COVID-19 global response.

Subjects: COVID-19; PREVENTION of epidemics; HEALTH

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 4/17/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 16, p145-148. 4p.

  • Abstract: The article reports on the World Health Organization (WHO) Information Network for Epidemics (EPI-WIN) initiative launched by WHO to manage the ...

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Academic Journal

WHO Biowaiver Study Project for COVID-19 Outbreak: Dexamethasone Solubility Results for Biopharmaceutical Classification System.

Subjects: BIOAVAILABILITY; INTRAVENOUS therapy; MOLECULAR structure

  • Source: WHO Drug Information. 2020, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p466-471. 6p.

  • Abstract: The article offers information on the WHO Biowaiver Study Project for Covid-19 test with the use of Dexamethasone solubility. It discusses ...

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Academic Journal

Analysis of COVID-19 burden, epidemiology and mitigation strategies in Muslim majority countries.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Oct2020, Vol. 26 Issue 10, p1173-1183, 11p

  • Abstract: Background: Muslim majority countries have experienced a considerable burden of COVID-19 infection. However, there has been a relative lack of research ... Contexte : Les pays à majorité musulmane ont connu une charge considérable d'infection par la COVID-19. On constate cependant un manque relatif ... Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Academic Journal

Mental health status of health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine Egyptian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Oct2020, Vol. 26 Issue 10, p1155-1164, 10p

  • Abstract: Background: Variable models of care have been adopted in different countries in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Egypt has assigned certain ... Contexte : Des modèles de soins variables ont été adoptés dans différents pays pour riposter à la pandémie de COVID-19Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Academic Journal

Educational perspective for the identification of essential competencies required for approaching patients with COVID-19.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Sep2020, Vol. 26 Issue 9, p1011-1017, 7p

  • Abstract: Background: Health professionals are at the frontline of the COVID-19 pandemic and are directly exposed to infection hazards. Therefore, they should ... Contexte : Les professionnels de santé sont en première ligne dans la lutte contre la pandémie de COVID-19 et sont ... Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: testing frequency, cumulative cases and mortality analysis.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Sep2020, Vol. 26 Issue 9, p1005-1010, 6p

  • Abstract: Background: COVID-19 is now well documented in the Eastern Mediterranean Region; however, the incidence, mortality and fatality rates differ by country. ... Contexte : La COVID-19 est maintenant bien documentée dans la Région de la Méditerranée orientale ; cependant, les taux ... Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Academic Journal

Blood coagulation parameters in patients with severe COVID-19 from Kermanshah Province, Islamic Republic of Iran.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Sep2020, Vol. 26 Issue 9, p999-1004, 6p

  • Abstract: Background: Infection with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could be complicated with coagulopathy and high risk of thromboembolic events. ... Contexte : L'infection par la COVID-19 peut être compliquée par une coagulopathie et un risque élevé d'événements thromboemboliques. Objectifs : ... Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Academic Journal

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health: early quarantine-related anxiety and its correlates among Jordanians.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Oct2020, Vol. 26 Issue 10, p1165-1172, 8p

  • Abstract: Background: Jordan implemented a nationwide lockdown and recommended self-quarantine in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Such measures are expected to have ... Contexte : La Jordanie a mis en place un confinement national et a recommandé l'auto-quarantaine en réponse à la pandémie de COVID-19Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Academic Journal

Proposed INN: List 124 -- COVID-19 (special edition).

Subjects: ANTIVIRAL agents; DRUGS; MOLECULAR structure

  • Source: WHO Drug Information. 2020, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p641-685. 45p.

  • Abstract: The article lists several international Nonproprietary Names for Pharmaceutical Substances (INN) in the impact of Covid-19 which includes abdavomeranum, alunacedase alfa ...

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Academic Journal

Current situation of COVID-19 in northern Cyprus.

  • Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; Jun2020, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p641-645, 5p

  • Abstract: Background: The public health burden of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is expected to increase and urgent ... Contexte : La charge de morbidité de la maladie à nouveau coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) devrait augmenter. De ce fait, des ... Copyright of Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not be copied ...

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Periodical

Immunization and Vaccinerelated Implementation Research Advisory Committee (IVIR-AC).

Subjects: IMMUNIZATION; VACCINES; COVID-19

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 12/4/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 49, p609-623. 14p.

  • Abstract: The article presents the recommendations by the Immunization and Vaccine-Related Implementation Research Advisory Committee (IVIR-AC) as of September 2020. Topics include IVIR-AC's support for the standardization ...

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Periodical

WHO calls for reinvigorated action to fight malaria.

Subjects: MALARIA prevention; ENDOWMENT of research; WORLD health

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 12/4/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 49, p623-627. 5p.

  • Abstract: The article reports on the appeal made by the World Health Organization (WHO) to its global health partners and countries around ...

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Academic Journal

Travel restrictions and SARS-CoV-2 transmission: an effective distance approach to estimate impact.

Subjects: AIR travel; PREVENTION of communicable diseases; EPIDEMICSCHINA

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Aug2020, Vol. 98 Issue 8, p518-529. 12p. 2 Color Photographs, 1 Chart, 3 Maps.

  • Abstract: Objective To estimate the effect of airline travel restrictions on the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (... Objetivo Estimar el efecto de las restricciones a los viajes en avión sobre el riesgo de importación del coronavirus ... Objectif Évaluer les effets des restrictions de voyage par voie aérienne sur le risque d'importer le coronavirus 2 du syndrome respiratoire ... Цель Оценить влияние ограничения воздушного сообщения на риск завоза тяжелого острого коронавирусного респираторного синдрома (SARS-CoV-2). Методы Авторы взяли из общедоступных источников данные об объеме пассажирских перевозок для всей международной сети авиалиний, а также датах ввода ограничений на путешествия и сроках выявления первых случаев коронавирусной болезни (COVID-19) в каждой отдельной стране или территории. Было рассчитано эффективное расстояние между каждым аэропортом и городом Ухань в Китае. Авторы смоделировали риск завоза вируса SARS-CoV-2 посредством оценки вероятности выживания, выразив медианное время завоза как функцию эффективного расстояния. Было рассчитано относительное изменение риска завоза инфекции для трех различных гипотетических сценариев, все из которых привели к разному объему пассажирского потока. Результаты По состоянию на 26 февраля 2020 года было выявлено 28 стран, в которые была завезена инфекция, вызывающая COVID-19. Срок попадания вируса в эти страны составлял от 39 до 80 дней с момента выявления первого случая заболевания в Ухане. Анализ относительного изменения риска указывает на то, что стратегии сокращения глобального объема пассажирских перевозок и наложения ограничений на перелеты в 10 дополнительных крупных узловых аэропортах были бы так же эффективны для снижения риска завоза вируса SARS-CoV-2, однако такое снижение риска очень ограниченно и имеет близкое к нулю медианное значение относительного изменения риска. Вывод Гипотетические вариации наблюдаемых ограничений воздушного сообщения не были достаточны для предотвращения глобального распространения 目的 旨在评估航空出行限制对严重急性呼吸综合征冠 状病毒 2 (SARS-CoV-2) 输入风险的影响。 方法 我们从公开来源中提取了全球所有航空公司网络 的客运量数据,以及各个国家或地区实施出行限制的 日期和观察到首例 2019 冠状病毒病 (COVID-19) 患者 的日期。我们计算了每个机场和中国武汉之间的有效 距离。我们通过估计存活概率来模拟严重急性呼吸综 合征冠状病毒 2 (SARS-CoV-2) 的输入风险,将输入时 间的中位数用一个含有效距离的函数式来表示。我们 计算了三种不同假设情境下输入风险的相对变化,这 三种情境下的客运量均不相同。 结果 截至 2020 年 2 月 26 日,我们确定了 28 个 2019 冠状病毒病输入病例国家。自武汉确诊首例患者以来, 病毒传播至这些国家的时间从 39 天到 80 天不等。我 们对风险相对变化的分析表明,减少全球客运量和在 另外 10 个枢纽机场实施出行限制的策略在降低严重 急性呼吸综合征冠状病毒 2 (SARS-CoV-2) 输入风险方 面有着同样的效果;然而,这种减少是非常有限的, 因为风险的相对变化中值接近于零。 结论 所观察到的出行限制的假设变化不足以防止严重 急性呼吸综合征冠状病毒 2 (SARS-CoV-2) 在全球的传 播;未来的研究还应该考虑陆路和海路出行。此项研 究突出强调加强地方疾病监测和控制能力的重要性。 [...

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Academic Journal

Clinical trials on drug repositioning for COVID-19 treatment.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *CLINICAL drug trials; *SARS-CoV-2WUHAN (China)WORLD Health Organization

  • Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2020, Vol. 44, p1-7. 7p.

  • Abstract: The World Health Organization (WHO) was informed on December 2019 about a coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei ... En diciembre de 2019 fue informado a la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) un brote de neumonía por coronavirus ... A Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) foi informada, em dezembro de 2019, sobre um surto de pneumonia por coronavírus em Wuhan, província ... Copyright of Pan American Journal of Public Health is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not ...

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 pandemic in Panama: lessons of the unique risks and research opportunities for Latin America.

Subjects: *COVID-19 pandemic; *SCIENTIFIC knowledge; *COVID-19PANAMA; LATIN America; CENTRAL America

  • Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2020, Vol. 44, p1-5. 5p.

  • Abstract: The Republic of Panama has the second most unequally distributed wealth in Central America, has recently entered the list of countries affected by the La República de Panamá es el segundo país de Centroamérica con la distribución más desigual de la riqueza, ha resultado ... Copyright of Pan American Journal of Public Health is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not ...

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Academic Journal

U.S. county level analysis to determine If social distancing slowed the spread of COVID-19.

Subjects: *SOCIAL distancing; *COVID-19UNITED States

  • Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2020, Vol. 44, p1-7. 7p.

  • Abstract: Objective. To analyze the effectiveness of social distancing in the United States (U.S.). Methods. A novel cell-phone ping data was used to quantify the ... Objetivo. Analizar la efectividad del distanciamiento social en los Estados Unidos. Métodos. Se empleó un método novedoso de contacto con teléfonos celulares (... Copyright of Pan American Journal of Public Health is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not ...

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Academic Journal

To breastfeed or not to breastfeed? Lack of evidence on the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in breastmilk of pregnant women with COVID-19.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *SARS-CoV-2; *PREGNANT women

  • Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2020, Vol. 44, p1-5. 5p.

  • Abstract: A rapid systematic review was carried out to evaluate the current evidence related to the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in breast milk ... Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática rápida para evaluar la evidencia disponible sobre la presencia de SARS-CoV-2 ... Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática rápida para avaliar as evidências atuais relacionadas à presença da SARS-CoV-2 no ... Copyright of Pan American Journal of Public Health is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not ...

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Academic Journal

Comparing South Korea and Italy's healthcare systems and initiatives to combat COVID-19.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *DEATH rate; *CORONAVIRUS diseasesITALY; SOUTH Korea

  • Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2020, Vol. 44, p1-5. 5p.

  • Abstract: Italy and South Korea have two distinctly different healthcare systems, causing them to respond to public health crises such as the COVID-19Italia y Corea del Sur tienen dos sistemas de atención sanitaria claramente diferentes, lo que hace que respondan a crisis de salud pública ... A Itália e a Coreia do Sul têm dois sistemas de saúde distintos, o que os leva a responder a crises de ... Copyright of Pan American Journal of Public Health is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not ...

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Academic Journal

Coping with being cooped up: Social distancing during COVID-19 among 60+ in the United States.

Subjects: *SOCIAL distancing; *COVID-19; *BEHAVIORUNITED States

  • Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2020, Vol. 44, p1-7. 7p.

  • Abstract: Objectives. This study examined the impact of sheltering in place and social distancing among adults aged 60 and older during the 2020 outbreak of ... Objetivos. Evaluar el impacto de la indicación de quedarse en casa y el distanciamiento social en los adultos de 60 años o más ... Copyright of Pan American Journal of Public Health is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not ...

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Periodical

Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety, 27-28 May 2020.

Subjects: ATTITUDE (Psychology); CLINICAL trials; COMMITTEES

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 7/10/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 28, p325-336. 12p.

  • Abstract: The article discusses the highlights of the Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety (GACVS) online meeting held on May 27-28, 2020. Topics covered at the event ...

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Periodical

Meeting of the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization, 31 March--1 April 2020: conclusions and recommendations.

Subjects: BIOLOGICAL products; CONFERENCES & conventions; EMERGENCY management

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 5/29/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 22, p241-255. 15p.

  • Abstract: The article discusses highlights of the virtual meeting held by the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) ...

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Academic Journal

Simulation of the effects of COVID-19 testing rates on hospitalizations.

Subjects: *COVID-19 testing; *COMPUTER simulation; *COST controlWORLD Health Organization

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. May2020, Vol. 98 Issue 5, p299-299. 1p.

  • Abstract: The article describes how the rates of testing for COVID-19 affect hospitalizations. Topics covered include the recommendation of the

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 and newborn health: systematic review.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *INFANT health; *CORD bloodIRAN

  • Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2020, Vol. 44, p1-12. 12p.

  • Abstract: Objective. To describe perinatal and neonatal outcomes in newborns exposed to SARS-CoV-2. Methods. A systematic review was conducted by searching PubMed ... Objetivo. Describir los resultados perinatales y neonatales de los recién nacidos expuestos al SARS-CoV-2. Métodos. Se realizó una revisió... Objetivo. Descrever os resultados perinatais e neonatais dos recém-nascidos expostos à SARS-CoV-2. Métodos. Uma revisão sistemática com pesquisa ... Copyright of Pan American Journal of Public Health is the property of World Health Organization and its content may not ...

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Academic Journal

Digital health and COVID-19.

Subjects: *GOVERNMENT agencies; *MEDICAL care; *PRIMARY health careINDONESIA; LIBERIA; SINGAPORE

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Nov2020, Vol. 98 Issue 11, p731-732. 2p.

  • Abstract: The article reports on the growing demand for digital health in primary care delivery services worldwide due to the novel coronavirus ...

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 solidarity fund.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *ENDOWMENTSWORLD Health Organization

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Apr2020, Vol. 98 Issue 4, p235-235. 1/8p.

  • Abstract: The article reports on the announcement by the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General on the creation of the ...

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 schools guidance.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *SCHOOLS

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Apr2020, Vol. 98 Issue 4, p236-236. 1/6p.

  • Abstract: The article reports on the guidance issued by the World Health Organization, the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC), and ...

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Academic Journal

United Nations funding for COVID-19 response.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *ENDOWMENTSUNITED Nations

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Apr2020, Vol. 98 Issue 4, p235-235. 1/7p.

  • Abstract: The article reports on the release of 15 million U.S. dollars by the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) of the United Nations on March 1, 2020 to ...

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Periodical

COVID-19 update.

Subjects: *INFORMATION resources; *COVID-19CHINA

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 9/25/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 39, p475-475. 2/3p.

  • Abstract: The article offers information on where to find the latest information about the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as ...

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Academic Journal

Refugees and COVID-19: achieving a comprehensive public health response.

Subjects: DISCRIMINATION; EPIDEMICS; FEAR

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Aug2020, Vol. 98 Issue 8, p510-510A. 2p.

  • Abstract: The authors discuss the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on millions of refugees worldwide. Topics mentioned ...

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Academic Journal

Accelerating regulation in response to COVID-19.

Subjects: *CLINICAL trials; *EPIDEMICS; *PATIENT safety

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Aug2020, Vol. 98 Issue 8, p514-515. 2p. 2 Color Photographs.

  • Abstract: The article reports on the efforts of regulators to find ways to support the expedited development and distribution of novel coronavirus...

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Academic Journal

COVID-19 response measures and violence against children.

Subjects: PREVENTION of child abuse; VIOLENCE prevention; NEEDS assessment

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Sep2020, Vol. 98 Issue 9, p583-583A. 2p.

  • Abstract: The authors reflect on how responses to the COVID-19 pandemic could boost children's exposure to neglect and violence and present strategies ...

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Periodical

COVID-19 update.

Subjects: CORONAVIRUS diseases; EPIDEMICS; WORLD Wide WebCHINA

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 9/4/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 36, p439-439. 1/4p.

  • Abstract: The article offers information on where to see the daily situation reports and the latest scientific findings about the coronavirus disease 2019 (

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Academic Journal

Tackling antimicrobial resistance in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Subjects: CROSS infection prevention; ANTI-infective agents; CLINICAL competence

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Jul2020, Vol. 98 Issue 7, p442-443. 2p.

  • Abstract: The authors offer insights on the public health issues associated with antimicrobial resistance in the midst of the coronavirus disease 2019 (

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Academic Journal

Medical certification of cause of death for COVID-19.

Subjects: CAUSES of death; PUBLIC health surveillance; WORLD Health Organization

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. May2020, Vol. 98 Issue 5, p298-298A. 2p.

  • Abstract: The author discusses the need for accurate certification of cause-of-death in order to understand the epidemic profile and natural history of COVID-19

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Academic Journal

WHO Biowaiver Project - Preparation for cycle IV (2021): Prioritization exercise of active pharmaceutical ingredients on the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for solubility determination and Biopharmaceutics Classification System-based classification.

Subjects: CHLOROQUINE; DOSAGE forms of drugs; EMERGENCY medical services

  • Source: WHO Drug Information. 2020, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p485-491. 7p.

  • Abstract: The article offers study cycles on WHO Biowaiver Project and recommended continuing the Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS)-based classification of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) contained ...

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Periodical

COVID-19 update.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *COVID-19 pandemic; *WORLD Wide WebCHINA

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 4/17/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 16, p159-159. 1/4p.

  • Abstract: The article provides updates on the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic as of April 17, 2020, which includes daily situation ...

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Periodical

COVID-19 update.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *COVID-19 pandemic; *COMMUNICABLE diseasesWORLD Health Organization

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 3/20/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 12, p116-116. 1/3p.

  • Abstract: The article provides an update by the World Health Organization on the coronavirus disease 2019 (...

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Periodical

COVID-19 update.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *COVID-19 pandemic; *CORONAVIRUS diseasesCHINAWORLD Health Organization

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 3/6/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 10, p94-94. 1/3p.

  • Abstract: The article provides an update on the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak as of March 6, 2020, including weblinks of ...

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Periodical

COVID-19 update.

Subjects: *COVID-19; *CORONAVIRUS diseases; *MEDICINE information services

  • Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record. 3/13/2020, Vol. 95 Issue 11, p104-104. 1/4p.

  • Abstract: The article presents weblinks from the World Health Organization with updates on the coronavirus disease 2019 (

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Academic Journal

Mortality surveillance during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Subjects: *EPIDEMICS; *HAND washing; *MEDICAL policy

  • Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Jun2020, Vol. 98 Issue 6, p374-374. 1p.

  • Abstract: The article details how rapid mortality surveillance provides essential information to formulate evidence-based response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Topics discussed include ...

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