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Academic Journal

Time-related changes in sex distribution of COVID-19 incidence proportion in Italy

  • Source: In Heliyon October 2020 6(10)

  • Abstract: Background Variable sex-disaggregated data on Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) incidence proportion (IP) have been reported in different datasets ... Study design Sex-disaggregated data on COVID-19 cases were collected from Italian publicly accessible databases along with undisaggregated data on the number ... Results COVID-19 IP increased progressively in both sexes. Sex prevalence of COVID-19 IP reversed over time, with ... Conclusions Time-related changes of sex distribution of COVID-19 IP in Italy are strongly influenced by the number of swabs testing for @@@@Epidemiology; Virology; Public health; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Coronavirus; Gender; Incidence; Swab.

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Academic Journal

Africa’s low COVID-19 mortality rate: A paradox?

  • Source: In International Journal of Infectious Diseases January 2021 102:118-122

  • Abstract: Highlights •Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), now a pandemic, is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-... Methodology This was an analytical review, which used pre-COVID-19 era population data and current COVID-19 mortality ... Results Significant positive predictors of COVID-19 mortality rate included pre-COVID-19 era ‘65-yr+ mortality %’ (R2 = 0.574, B = 2.86, p < 0.001), ... Conclusion Africa’s lower COVID-19 mortality rate is due to the lower population mean age, lower life expectancy, lower pre-

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Academic Journal

Impact of COVID-19 on people living with HIV: A review

  • Source: In Journal of Virus Eradication November 2020 6(4)

  • Abstract: There is great concern about the impact of COVID-19 among the nearly 40 million people living with HIV (PLWH) worldwide. In this ...

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Academic Journal

Effects of COVID-19 in South African health system and society: An explanatory study

  • Source: In Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews November-December 2020 14(6):1809-1814

  • Abstract: Background and aims The underestimation of the severity of COVID-19 by the South African government resulted in delayed action against the ... Results The South African health system is affected by the lack of PPEs, increased mortality rates, mental health problems, substance abuse, resurgent of NCDs. The ... Conclusion To slow down the spread of COVID-19, massive testing must be adopted, contact tracing, isolation, and home quarantine guidelines for ... @@@@Highlights •The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic affects all aspects of life, including the public health and global economy.•With no WHO-approved ...

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Academic Journal

High mortality among hospital-acquired COVID-19 infection in patients with cancer: A multicentre observational cohort study

  • Source: In European Journal of Cancer November 2020 139:181-187

  • Abstract: Introduction Studies suggest that patients with cancer are more likely to experience severe outcomes from COVID-19. Therefore, cancer centres have undertaken ... Results A total of 252 patients (N = 249 adult and N = 3 paediatric) with COVID-19 and cancer were identified, and the majority were residents ... Interpretation Our study demonstrates a high rate of nosocomial transmission of COVID-19, associated with increased mortality in both univariate and multivariate ... @@@@Highlights •We found a high rate of nosocomial transmission of COVID-19 in patients with cancer.•Nosocomial COVID-19 ...

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Academic Journal

Impact of COVID-19 and comorbidities on health and economics: Focus on developing countries and India

  • Source: In Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews November-December 2020 14(6):1625-1630

  • Abstract: Background and aims Presence of comorbidities in patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have often been associated with ... Results All available evidence consistently suggests that presence of comorbidities is associated with a poor outcome in patients with COVID-19. Diabetes ... Conclusions Universal masking is the need of hour during unlock period. Low-income countries such as India, Brazil and Africa with less resources and an average ... @@@@Highlights •Comorbidities in patients with COVID-19 is often associated with a poor prognosis.•Diabetes prevalence is highest in Indian

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Academic Journal

Clinical and computed tomography characteristics of COVID-19 associated acute pulmonary embolism: A different phenotype of thrombotic disease?

  • Source: In Thrombosis Research September 2020 193:86-89

  • Abstract: Introduction COVID-19 infections are associated with a high prevalence of venous thromboembolism, particularly pulmonary embolism (PE). It is suggested that Results We observed that all thrombotic lesions in COVID-19 patients were found to be in lung parenchyma affected by Conclusion Our findings therefore suggest that the phenotype of COVID-19 associated PE indeed differs from PE in patients without @@@@Highlights •COVID-19 pneumonia is associated with high incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE).•The origin of COVID-19 associated ...

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Academic Journal

Retrospective overview of a COVID-19 outbreak in Mauritania

  • Source: In New Microbes and New Infections November 2020 38

  • Abstract: A coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is currently ongoing in Mauritania. Until 1 July 2020, Mauritania health authorities reported 41 862 serologic ...

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Academic Journal

Association of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, cancer, kidney disease, and high-cholesterol with COVID-19 disease severity and fatality: A systematic review

  • Source: In Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews September-October 2020 14(5):1133-1142

  • Abstract: Background and aims To undertake a review and critical appraisal of published/preprint reports that offer methods of determining the effects of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, ... Findings A total of 54 articles were considered for a full review. It was observed that diabetes, hypertension, and cholesterol levels possess an apparent relation to Conclusion Reports associating cancer, kidney disease, and stroke with COVID-19 should be carefully interpreted, not only because of the size of ... @@@@Highlights •Diabetes, hypertension, and cholesterol levels possess an apparent relation to COVID-19 severity.•Associating cancer, kidney disease, and stroke with

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Academic Journal

Clinical characteristics and short term outcomes after recovery from COVID-19 in patients with and without diabetes in Bangladesh

  • Source: In Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews November-December 2020 14(6):2031-2038

  • Abstract: Background and aims This study investigated the clinical manifestations, outcomes and long-term complications of COVID-19 inpatients in southern part of Bangladesh ... Results There were 734 COVID-19 presentations in this study of which 19.8% of patients had diabetes and 76% of the COVID-19Conclusion Individuals with diabetes have experienced a severe manifestation of COVID-19 and post disease complications. Further in-depth studies focused on larger ... @@@@Highlights •19.87% of the total sample with COVID-19 had diabetes.•New onset of diabetes was found in 1.35% of the ...

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